|Balkan mixed forest zone|
To the south it merges with the Mediterranean ecological zones, while to the north and east with the
Pannonian mixed forests (in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Romania), Carpathian montane conifer forests, Central European mixed forests (both in Romania), as well as the East European forest steppe and Pontic steppe (both situated in Romania and Bulgaria).
Several species of deciduous oaks (most prominently Quercus frainetto, as well as Q. cerris, Q. pubescens) dominate most of the ecoregion's forests, interspersed higher up mountainsides (above 800–1200 m) mostly with European Beech and such conifers as Scots Pine, Macedonian Pine, Silver Fir and Norway Spruce. The highest peaks support alpine tundra vegetation.
|Taukliman salt lake on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast|
The mountains of the balkan region have their own ecological zones, such as the higher parts of the Rhodope and Balkan Mountains, which form their own ecological zone, the Rodope montane mixed forests, or the Pindus Mountains mixed forests (in Greece, the Republic of Macedonia and Albania).
"Balkan mixed forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.